NAG - The Importance of Arctic Glaciers for the Arctic Marine Ecosystem
High Latitude Dust
Snow Science Winter School 2019
Synoptic Arctic Survey
QuIESCENT Arctic Workshop on Aerosol-Cloud Interactions
Permafrost on All Channels
Societal Relevance of Polar Research
On November 27-28 2018, the conference and workshop Societal relevance of polar research was held in the Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences in Sopot, Poland. The event, which aroused much interest among the participants from Czech Republic, Germany, Norway, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, the US, was organized under auspices of the IASC, IASSA, the University of Arctic and with kind financial support from the IASC Working Groups. The meeting gathered representatives of many research institutes, universities, school teachers and educators, officials from governments, environmentalists, journalists, writers, photographers and film makers. It was composed of 3 plenary panels with 15 presentations, Q&A sessions, photographic and graphic exhibitions and workshop. This variety of participants and forms of discussion became source of many interesting exchanges of scientific perspectives, practical insights and personal experiences.
Young Permafrost Researchers Workshop, during EUCOP 2018
The PYRN workshop at EUCOP in Chamonix, France in June 2018 gathered 130 early career scientists from 20 different countries for 2 days of lectures, outbreak sessions and a fieldtrip to experience and learn about mountain permafrost from local experts. The workshop focused on topics of interest to early career permafrost scientists from different disciplines. Talks ranged from fieldwork preparation and safety, working with local communities to teaching and communicating effectively. On the second day, we took advantage of the great location in Chamonix at the foot of the Mont Blanc to learn about local environmental settings (geology, glaciology and hydrology), mountain permafrost and permafrost conditions of the Mont Blanc Massif from local researchers during a field trip to the top of Le Brevent.
T-MOSAiC Implementation Workshop
The main goals of the T-MOSAiC Implementation workshop were to develop the Science and Implementation plans as well as to establish the scientific connections between the MOSAiC and T-MOSAiC programs. During the science discussion aspects of the Arctic snow, permafrost and freshwater systems were presented, and the presenters and the audience highlighted the importance of these topics to the program. In the implementation discussions, existing arctic facilities, projects, programs, and transects were identified that could contribute to T-MOSAiC.
A key goal of the workshop was to define the scientific links between the MOSAiC and T-MOSAiC programs. The participation of the chairs of the MOSAiC program, Dr. Markus Rex and Dr. Matthew Shupe resulted in a detailed discussion about the atmosphere-sea-ice-land-people interactions and how both programs will contribute to improved knowledge of the changing Arctic. These joint discussions culminated in the conceptual diagram below that shows the complementarity and points of intersection between the two programs.
Extreme Events in the Arctic, a POLAR2018 Focus Group Discussion
An increasingly significant and concerning issue in polar science is the rising prevalence and severity of extreme events in the Arctic. To help reconcile the gap between the needs and current efforts of the scientific community in understanding these extremes, we hosted a multi-day focus group discussion at the POLAR 2018 meeting in Davos, Switzerland. Fifteen scientists were invited to the discussion group, covering a wide range of research fields: glaciology, oceanography, atmospheric dynamics, marine biology, terrestrial/permafrost, and anthropology.
Our discussions were focused around a few key themes: the definition and characterization of extreme Arctic events; challenges of attribution and detection across various Arctic science sub-disciplines; the interconnectedness of Arctic extremes. We highlighted two different case studies of recent extreme events: (i) record high temperatures and sea ice breakup north of Greenland, and (ii) local-scale tsunamis triggered by glacial calving events with impacts on local communities. Extreme events require and indeed provide a useful framework to bring together scientists across disciplines. We hope our discussion summary and related activities will motivate further efforts to increase our understanding of extreme events in the Arctic.
• Hosted a multi-day focus group discussion at the POLAR 2018 meeting in Davos, Switzerland on extreme events in the Arctic.
• Attended by a diverse group of 15 scientists spanning various sub-disciplines of Arctic science.
• A useful networking and learning opportunity for the individuals involved, with plans in place to produce a summary paper highlighting our key recommendations to the wider community.
The air Pollution in the Arctic: Climate, Environment and Societies (PACES) initiative has been developed as a bottom-up community action to address deficiencies in our understanding of sources, processing and fate of Arctic air pollution. PACES WG2 focuses on interactions between Arctic air pollution and societies. Approaches to address key research questions under consideration are observational studies guided by community concerns, investigation of local air quality in Arctic communities, and feedbacks between economic development, air pollution and environmental change in the Arctic. A first city has been identified for a major international field study: Fairbanks, Alaska, USA. The IASC co-sponsored workshop brought together the scientific and local air quality communities to discuss ideas on how to investigate the air pollution problems of Fairbanks. The outcome of the workshop is to write a whitepaper on the ALaskan Pollution and Chemical Analysis (ALPACA) project. The white paper serves as a basis to acquire funding for an extensive scientific study.
• Fairbanks is the most polluted city in the USA in terms of particulate matter in winter.
• The emission sources of the particulate matter and precursors thereof are not fully understood, and hence require investigation.
• The cold and dark environment in the wintertime Arctic creates very specific conditions under which atmospheric processes occur that are still largely unknown. ALPACA will tackle these knowledge gaps specifically.
Arctic Freshwater Resources Initiative (ArcFRI)
The Arctic Freshwater Resources Initiative (ArcFRI) project gathers an international and interdisciplinary consortium of senior and early-career researchers to enhance our understanding of how freshwater resources in Arctic respond to and are possibly threatened by the present rapid change in the Arctic, both climate and land-use, water-use change, while also exploring opportunities to sustain and improve water resources in the region. In the first ArcFRI workshop in Stockholm, the team continued the preparation of a perspective paper that sets out the key challenges and opportunities for freshwater resources under scenarios of changing geophysical and socio-economic conditions in the Arctic. This first workshop was the first gathering of the research team, and work focused on the structure of the review/perspective paper as well as producing the first text towards a draft manuscript. In addition to IASC, this workshop was also co-sponsored by the Bolin Centre for Climate Research at Stockholm University, which supported the workshop with premises, logistical organization and the participation of one senior researcher in a public seminar in conjunction with the workshop.
• The Workshop identified a set of key indicators for impacts on Arctic freshwater resources.
• The Workshop reviewed driving forces and associated freshwater system components.
• The Workshop discussed how to analyze the impact of various geophysical and socio-economic scenarios on the identified indicators.
The Importance of Arctic Glaciers for the Arctic Marine Ecosystem (NAG)
The workshop integrated two special activities. The first, “Understanding atmosphere-glacier-ocean interactions and their implications for the pan-Arctic glacier mass budget” represents a long-term strategy of the Cryosphere Working Group and NAG. The second theme broke new ground: an IASC cross-cutting activity of the Cryosphere and Marine working groups of IASC, addressing “The importance of Arctic glaciers for the Arctic marine ecosystem”.
Interdisciplinary work requires that researchers from the involved disciplines get to know each other and learn to understand each-others scientific jargon. The IASC cross-cutting activity contributed in building a bridge between the cryosphere and biosphere community. NAG aims to elaborate this initiative in the years to come and work towards the involvement of members from other relevant disciplines, such as physical oceanography, ocean biogeochemistry, as well as terrestrial ecology.
The next workshop on the dynamics and mass balance of Arctic Glaciers and Network on Arctic Glaciology annual meeting will be held at Bardøla Hotel in Geilo, Norway, 20-24 January 2019. More information will be distributed via Cryolist and the IASC-NAG website until summer 2018.