Improving Our Understanding of Extreme Events in the Arctic Using a Cross-Disciplinary Approach
T-MOSAiC Implementation Workshop
Young Permafrost Researchers Workshop, during EUCOP 2018
The air Pollution in the Arctic: Climate, Environment and Societies (PACES) initiative has been developed as a bottom-up community action to address deficiencies in our understanding of sources, processing and fate of Arctic air pollution. PACES WG2 focuses on interactions between Arctic air pollution and societies. Approaches to address key research questions under consideration are observational studies guided by community concerns, investigation of local air quality in Arctic communities, and feedbacks between economic development, air pollution and environmental change in the Arctic. A first city has been identified for a major international field study: Fairbanks, Alaska, USA. The IASC co-sponsored workshop brought together the scientific and local air quality communities to discuss ideas on how to investigate the air pollution problems of Fairbanks. The outcome of the workshop is to write a whitepaper on the ALaskan Pollution and Chemical Analysis (ALPACA) project. The white paper serves as a basis to acquire funding for an extensive scientific study.
• Fairbanks is the most polluted city in the USA in terms of particulate matter in winter.
• The emission sources of the particulate matter and precursors thereof are not fully understood, and hence require investigation.
• The cold and dark environment in the wintertime Arctic creates very specific conditions under which atmospheric processes occur that are still largely unknown. ALPACA will tackle these knowledge gaps specifically.
Arctic Freshwater Resources Initiative (ArcFRI)
The Arctic Freshwater Resources Initiative (ArcFRI) project gathers an international and interdisciplinary consortium of senior and early-career researchers to enhance our understanding of how freshwater resources in Arctic respond to and are possibly threatened by the present rapid change in the Arctic, both climate and land-use, water-use change, while also exploring opportunities to sustain and improve water resources in the region. In the first ArcFRI workshop in Stockholm, the team continued the preparation of a perspective paper that sets out the key challenges and opportunities for freshwater resources under scenarios of changing geophysical and socio-economic conditions in the Arctic. This first workshop was the first gathering of the research team, and work focused on the structure of the review/perspective paper as well as producing the first text towards a draft manuscript. In addition to IASC, this workshop was also co-sponsored by the Bolin Centre for Climate Research at Stockholm University, which supported the workshop with premises, logistical organization and the participation of one senior researcher in a public seminar in conjunction with the workshop.
• The Workshop identified a set of key indicators for impacts on Arctic freshwater resources.
• The Workshop reviewed driving forces and associated freshwater system components.
• The Workshop discussed how to analyze the impact of various geophysical and socio-economic scenarios on the identified indicators.
The Importance of Arctic Glaciers for the Arctic Marine Ecosystem (NAG)
The workshop integrated two special activities. The first, “Understanding atmosphere-glacier-ocean interactions and their implications for the pan-Arctic glacier mass budget” represents a long-term strategy of the Cryosphere Working Group and NAG. The second theme broke new ground: an IASC cross-cutting activity of the Cryosphere and Marine working groups of IASC, addressing “The importance of Arctic glaciers for the Arctic marine ecosystem”.
Interdisciplinary work requires that researchers from the involved disciplines get to know each other and learn to understand each-others scientific jargon. The IASC cross-cutting activity contributed in building a bridge between the cryosphere and biosphere community. NAG aims to elaborate this initiative in the years to come and work towards the involvement of members from other relevant disciplines, such as physical oceanography, ocean biogeochemistry, as well as terrestrial ecology.
The next workshop on the dynamics and mass balance of Arctic Glaciers and Network on Arctic Glaciology annual meeting will be held at Bardøla Hotel in Geilo, Norway, 20-24 January 2019. More information will be distributed via Cryolist and the IASC-NAG website until summer 2018.
RATIC Sustainable Arctic Infrastructure Forum (SAIF)
The Sustainable Arctic Infrastructure Forum (SAIF) was an IASC cross-cutting workshop involving principally the IASC Terrestrial, Social and Human, and Cryosphere working groups. The forum occurred 3 April, during Arctic Science Summit Week 2017, in Prague, Czech Republic. Eleven related scientific papers and six posters were presented during the Science Session 17.3 “Rapid Arctic Transitions due to Infrastructure and Climate (RATIC)”. SAIF is an activity of the IASC RATIC initiative. Thirty-nine individuals participated in the SAIF workshop. The program consisted of: (1) a series of introductory talks, (2) a keynote student presentation by Will Tyson, (3) breakout sessions to address scientific and policy issues related to major types of infrastructure, and (4) discussion to address a journal publication and a RATIC strategy document. The major task of SAIF was to address the cumulative effects of four major types of infrastructure systems: indigenous infrastructure (e.g., camps, trails, corrals, migration corridors, etc.); onshore oil & gas fields (networks of roads, drilling and facility pads, pipelines, etc.); remote communities (village infrastructure); and urban infrastructure (cities).Workshop Report
Contact: Donald A. (Skip) Walker
BEPSII: Biogeochemical Exchange Processes at Sea Ice Interfaces
The BEPSII research community is a global community of sea-ice biogeochemists which had been initiated as SCOR WG 140 which addressed fundamental issues in communication and methods. BEPSII was then approved by SOLAS (Surface Ocean Lower Atmosphere Study) and CliC (Climate and Cryosphere) as a longer-lived activity with additional endorsement from SCAR (Scientific Committee of Antarctic Science). With additional support from IASC, a Workshop was being held in La Jolla, April 2017, discussing updates of activities including science talks and poster presentations. The focus of the 2nd phase is to develop the tools to tackle big-picture questions of global relevance and feedbacks. A set of objectives has been compiled with specific task groups which comprises the base for a draft 5 year -science plan. As a BEPSII subgroup, the new SCOR Working Group 152 was established: Measuring Essential Climate Variables in Sea Ice (ECV-Ice) which had its first meeting within the BEPSII workshop. Upcoming tasks include several method intercalibration projects, support for the MOSAiC field program, 1-D and 3-D model intercomparisons, a student field school and various experimental and modelling approaches enhancing our understanding of biogeochemical exchange processes at sea -ice interfaces (BEPSII).Workshop Summary
Contact: Nadja Steiner
For more information see the following page
Long-term Perspectives on Arctic Social-Ecological Systems
A long-term, interdisciplinary perspective is needed to better understand past human responses to changing Arctic environments and present transformations and in turn strengthen the knowledge base for future sustainability strategies. The use of complimentary chronological perspectives (palaeo, contemporary and future) can provide mutually-reinforcing insights into factors that contribute to vulnerability and resilience within the closely interconnected social-ecological systems (SESs) of the Arctic. A conference session will be convened during Arctic Science Summit Week (ASSW) 2017 to assist in integrating historical, archaeological and long-term environmental and climatic records in order to improve understanding of the ‘palaeo’ aspects of Arctic SESs. In order to build on the ‘palaeo’ outcomes of the ASSW 2017 conference session, opportunities will be explored to convene subsequent conference sessions at ASSW 2018 in Davos, Switzerland to explore developments affecting contemporary Arctic SESs, and at ASSW 2019 in Arkhangelsk, Russia to explore opportunities to support future sustainability.Workshop Report
Contact: Peter Jordan
Community-based Research – Do's and Don'ts in Arctic Research
Climate change represents a major challenge for northern regions, and its impacts are already being observed in many communities. The workshop session “Community-based Research – Do`s and Don`ts in Arctic Research” was organized by IASC Fellows Josefine Lenz (TWG), Elena Kuznetsova, Louis-Philippe Roy, Robert Way (all CWG), Kristina Brown and Emily Choy (all MWG) in the frame of the Permafrost Young Researchers Workshop on 18-19 June 2016 during the 11th International Conference on Permafrost 2016 (icop.org).
This workshop session aimed at bringing together Early Career Scientists (including engineers) and local Arctic actors to discuss best practices and exchange of traditional and modern knowledge when conducting research in northern countries. Together with our invited guests Richard Gordon (Inuvik, Canada), Anna Annasyeva (Tromsø, Norway), Jan Otto Habeck (Hamburg, Germany) and Robert Way (Ottawa, Canada), young researchers created a list of “Do`s and Don`ts in Arctic Research” in small groups and openly discussed with all participants. Sharing of diverse experiences in northern communities, crosscutting of disciplines and greater scientific understanding of the Arctic Regions was actively enhanced during the workshop. The organizers, as well as invited guests and participants, concluded that the workshop session was incredibly interesting and a great success.
Contact: Josefine Lenz
Cutting barriers in snow knowledge
Snow influences all IASC working groups from arctic bio- and geosystem through to human values and practices. The concrete goal of this workshop is to come up with a product for better interaction of researchers concerning snow related questions in the Arctic and to build a network.
Contact: Martin Schneebeli | Cryosphere Working Group
Advancing Integrated, Cross-cutting Practices for Arctic Flux Observations in Terrestrial Environments
Detailed observations of energetic, hydrological and chemical fluxes at the surface-atmosphere interface are necessary to understand and model coupling within the Arctic climate system. Global and regional models may represent Arctic state variables with relative accuracy, but it has been observed that they consistently fail to represent the observed magnitude and direction of energetic fluxes within the Arctic system (Jones, 2014; Aas et al, in press). Some results of this failure are highly uncertain projections about the future state of the Arctic cryosphere and biosphere (McGuire et al., 2013) and high uncertainty about the fate of cryospheric carbon in the global atmosphere (McGuire et al., 2012; Belshe et al., 2013; Hayes et al. 2014; Christensen, 2014).
A host of initiatives, organizations and disciplines share an interest in these topics, yet no one organization has the expertise or mandate to tackle the integrated, pan-Arctic challenge. In recognition of this, it was proposed to develop an IASC cross-cutting initiative to bring together the expertise and resources of IASC member science communities. A starting point for developing collaborative research objectives and refining community interest was the open workshop 2016, initiated by a small scoping meeting in association with the Fairbanks ASSW.
Contact: Sandy Starkweather
Symposium: Do we speak the same language of science?
Among the numerous events supported by IASC during the ASSW 2016 was the Symposium "Do we speak the same language of science?" organized by one of IASC Fellows, Malgorzata (Gosia) Smieszek from IASC Social & Human Sciences Working Group (SHWG). In this well-attended event invited speakers both from IASC Working Groups and beyond spoke on research methods, challenges and limitations of human, social and natural sciences and discussed with the audience effective means of communication between disciplines as well as best practices for the pursuit of interdisciplinary research in the Arctic. In the first keynote speech of the session Louwrens Hacquebord, the founding chair of IASC SHWG, recalled beginnings and developments that led to recognition of social sciences as polar sciences within IASC. In the second keynote speech Thomas Armstrong, chair of the Arctic Council Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic (AACA) project, addressed means for effective connection of science and decision-making, essential in developing responses and adaptation actions in the Arctic. The Symposium served as a support for development of cross-cutting initiatives among IASC Working Groups.
Contact: Malgorzata (Gosia) Smieszek | IASC Fellow on Social and Human Working Group
Community-based Research - Do`s and Don`ts in Arctic Science“
This international workshop, to be arranged in conjunction with the International Conference on Permafrost (Potsdam, June 2016), will facilitate an exchange among Early Career Researchers of various fields of research and Indigenous Peoples’ spokespersons to discuss permafrost research with and in northern communities.
Contact: Josefine Lenz | IASC Fellow on Terrestrial Working Group
Arctic in Rapid Transition (ART)
ART is a pan-Arctic scientific network developed and steered by early-career scientists, which aims at studying the impact of environmental changes on the Arctic marine ecosystem. ART has a focus on bridging across time-scales, by incorporating paleo-studies with modern observations and modeling. ART is now in the process of broadening its scientific vision to address the changing marine realm as an integrated system fully ramified with other components of the Arctic. Within this framework, ART will continue to propose inter-disciplinary workshops targeted to students and post-docs, and will support the development of joint projects and collaborations that should deliver innovative knowledge on biogeochemical and ecological implications of Arctic changes.
Contact: Nathalie Morata | Chair
For more information see the following page
International Network for Terrestrial Research and Monitoring in the Arctic (INTERACT)
INTERACT (International Network for Terrestrial Research and Monitoring in the Arctic) gained an infrastructure award from the EU's 7th Framework (infrastructure programme) in 2010 and a new award from the EU Horizon2020 Framework programme in 2016. INTERACT is a network of 79 terrestrial research stations. The research stations are located in all of the Arctic countries and in many neighbouring northern countries. The INTERACT stations together hosts over 5,000 researchers and 76 individual environmental networks every year. INTERACT is building capacity for research, monitoring and education at national, regional and global scales. It works with many international organisations and is also highly visible in political circles. It brings station managers together to share information and data and to promote interoperability of measurements, and it increases researcher mobility and has funded over 500 researchers to visit all Arctic countries. It is also developing new methodology in rapid response to environmental emergency alerts, drone technology, biodiversity monitoring and local adaptation. This innovative and huge network ensures active participation in addressing environmental challenges of both local and global significance.
Contact: Margareta Johansson | Coordinator
Contact: Terry Callaghan | Scientific Coordinator
For more information see the following page
Arctic Coastal Dynamics (ACD)
Though generally only a few kilometers wide (except in the vicinity of large deltas), the coastal zone of the Arctic Ocean is the site of dramatic changes in not only the land and ocean but also in the cryosphere and biosphere. The Arctic coastlines are highly variable, can be stable or extremely dynamic and are the site of most of the human activity that occurs at high latitudes. Extraction of natural resources occurs in many locations around the Arctic Ocean creating the need for port facilities and the potential for pollution. These pressures are only likely to increase with time.
The Arctic Coastal Dynamics (ACD) project was established in 2000 to focus and coordinate circumpolar research on these physical processes that are unique to cold coasts in the northern regions. ACD is a multi-disciplinary, multi-national forum to exchange ideas and information. The overall objective is to improve our understanding of circum-Arctic coastal dynamics as a function of environmental forcing, coastal geology and cryology and morphodynamic behavior.
Contact: Pier Paul Overduin | Project Leader
Contact: Nicole Couture | Project Leader
For more information see the following page
Arctic Freshwater Synthesis (AFS)
There is increasing scientific recognition that changes to the Arctic freshwater systems have produced, and could produce even greater, changes to bio-geophysical and socio-economic systems of special importance to northern residents and also produce some extra-arctic effects that will have global consequences. To address such concerns, a scientific synthesis will be conducted that focuses on the various Arctic freshwater sources, fluxes, storage and effects. The range of sources and fluxes to be assessed include: atmospheric vapour transport, precipitation-evaporation, river flow, ablation of glaciers and ice caps, sea ice formation/ablation and marine (low-salinity water) exchanges. Extra-Arctic sources and fluxes from lower latitudes will be included, given their relatively large influence on the overall Arctic freshwater budget, as well as potential flux regulators (e.g., flow from the Greenland Ice Sheet).
Jointly organized with the Climate and Cryosphere project and the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme, the synthesis will be coordinated through a set of international workshops and meetings, with past open community meetings at the AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco in 2012 and at the ASSW 2013.
Contact: Johanna Mård Karlsson | Network Coordinator
Contact: Arvid Bring | Network Coordinator
For more information see f.ex. the following page
Palaeo-Arctic Spatial and Temporal Gateways (PAST Gateways)
'PAST Gateways' (Palaeo-Arctic Spatial and Temporal Gateways) is an IASC endorsed research programme, the scientific goal of which is to understand Arctic environmental change during the period preceding instrumental records and across decadal to millennial timescales. The focus of the six year programme is on the nature and significance of Arctic gateways, both spatial and temporal, with an emphasis on the transitions between major Late Cenozoic climate events such as interglacials to full glacials and full glacial to deglacial states, as well as more recent Holocene fluctuations. There are three major themes to the programme: (1) Growth and decay of Arctic Ice Sheets; (2) Arctic sea-ice and ocean changes, and (3) Non-glaciated Arctic environments.
PAST Gateways follows on from the previous network programmes of 'PONAM' (Polar North Atlantic Margins), 'QUEEN' (Quaternary Environment of the Eurasian North) and, most recently, 'APEX' (Arctic Palaeoclimate and its Extremes). It is interdisciplinary in nature and seeks to bring together field scientists and numerical modellers to advance understanding about Arctic climate change. The programme involves scientists from across Europe, Russia, Canada and the USA, and is lead by a Steering Committee comprising members from participating countries. Each year it will bring together scientists in a multidisciplinary International Meeting to discuss recent research and improvements in the understanding of Arctic environmental change.
Contact: Colm O'Cofaigh | Chairman
For more information see f.ex. the following page
For more information please see the following page
Historical Data Retrieval
Where: Icelandic Meteorological Office, Reykjavík I When: 11-12 November 2013
An IASC-sponsored workshop on data rescue and citizen-science was held at the Icelandic Meteorological Office in Reykjavik, Iceland, on November 11 and 12, 2013. The aim of the workshop was to develop new collaborations and research strategies for the conversion and use of technically intractable Arctic data sets. For example, large quantities of historical environmental data are available that have not been utilized because they are not easily converted into a readily analyzable form, such as manuscripts and unstructured descriptive data.
Workshop sessions focused on presentations by subject-area experts followed up on the afternoon of the second day by an open-format discussion aimed at identifying data requirements and potential cross-discipline collaborations on science and/or technical means of data recovery and analysis. The potential of citizen-science to reduce the barrier between intractable data and new methods of using them was a major theme.
The workshop recognized cultural differences between disciplines—such as varying approaches to free and open data access—that need to be taken into account, but also fostered new potential collaborations among social and physical scientists, archivists, and curators, and strengthened existing relationships.